Polemon II av Pontus
född -11, död 74
Polemon II av Pontus
f. -11
Pontus, Anatolia, Amasya, Turkiet

d. 74
Pontus, Anatolia, Amasya, Turkiet

Roman Client King of Pontus

Biografi ] [ Barn ]
Polemon av Pontus

f. -59
Laodicea on the Lycus, Denizli, Turkiet
d. -8
Pontus, Anatolia, Amasya, Turkiet
King of Cilicia, Pontus, Colchis and the Bosporan Kingdom

Pythodorida av Antonii

f. -30
Smyrna, Izmir, Turkiet
d. -38
Pontus, Anatolia, Amasya, Turkiet
Queen of Pontus and the Bosporan Kingdom

Pythodoros av Tralles

f. -70 Tralles, Aydin, Turkiet
d. -26 Smyrna, Izmir, Turkiet

Antonia av Antonii

f. -50 Roma, Lazio, Italien
d. -5 Smyrna, Izmir, Turkiet

Marcus Antonius av Antonii
f. -83 14 January Roma, Lazio, Italien
Antonia Minor av Antonii
f. -75 Roma, Lazio, Italien
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Polemon II av Pontus, född -11 i Pontus, Anatolia, Amasya, Turkiet, död 74 i Pontus, Anatolia, Amasya, Turkiet. Roman Client King of Pontus.

Marcus Antonius Polemon Pythodoros was a prince of the Bosporan, Pontus, Cilicia and Cappadocia. He served as a Roman Client King of Pontus, Colchis and Cilicia.

Polemon II’s father died in 8 BC. His mother then married King Archelaus of Cappadocia, and the family had moved to Cappadocia, where Polemon II was raised, along with his siblings, at the court of his stepfather. Archelaus died in 17, whereupon Polemon II and his mother moved back to Pontus.

From 17 until 38, Polemon II lived as a private citizen in Pontus and assisted his mother in the administration of their realm. When his mother died in 38, Polemon II succeeded his mother as the sole ruler of Pontus, Colchis and Cilicia.

According to an honorary inscription at Cyzicus in 38, Polemon II participated in celebrating the local games in the city, honoring Julia Drusilla, the late sister of Caligula; in this way Polemon II expressed his loyalty to the emperor and the Roman state. Polemon II with another Roman Client King Antiochus IV of Commagene, held athletic games in honor of Claudius in Cilicia in 47. Antiochus IV with Polemon II had showed favor towards Claudius in which they offered significant services to him.

Around 50, Polemon II was attracted to the wealth and beauty of the Judean princess Julia Berenice, whom he had met in Tiberias during a visit to King Agrippa I. Berenice in turn wanted to marry Polemon II to end rumors that she and her brother were committing incest. Berenice was previously widowed in 48 when her second husband, her paternal uncle Herod of Chalcis, died. She had two sons by him, Berenicianus and Hyrcanus. Berenice however set the condition that Polemon II had to convert to Judaism, which included undergoing the rite of circumcision, before marriage.

Polemon II assented, and the marriage went ahead. It did not last long however, and Berenice left Pontus with her sons and returned to the court of her brother. Polemon II abandoned Judaism and, according to the legend of Bartholomew the Apostle, he accepted Christianity, but only to become a pagan again.

At an unknown date perhaps after the early 50s, Polemon II married a princess] called Julia Mamaea who was from the Syrian Roman Client Emesene Kingdom.

Mamaea was of Assyrian, Armenian, Greek and Median ancestry. Polemon II married Mamaea as his second wife and the circumstances that lead Polemon II to marry her are unknown. Through Mamaea’s marriage to him, she became a Roman Client Queen of Pontus, Colchis and Cilicia.The relationship between Polemon II and Mamaea is unknown.

Mamaea marrying Polemon II is only known through surviving evidence. Her name and identity is revealed from surviving bronze coinage. Surviving coinage that was issued from Polemon II and Mamaea is extremely rare, as only three specimens are known. On surviving coinage, shows her royal title in Greek (of Julia Mamaea the Queen) or (of Queen Julia Mamaea). These coins can be dated from the second half of Polemon II’s reign from 60 until 74.

She bore Polemon II two sons who were Polemon and Rhoemetalces.Her sons that she bore to Polemon II are known from a restored surviving inscription from Amphipolis Greece, that is commemorating Polemon II, Polemon and Rhoemetalces is dated from the second half of the 1st Century.

Polemon II renamed the town Fanizan and named the town after himself to Polemonium (modern Fatsa Turkey). In 62, Nero induced Polemon II to abdicate the Pontian throne, and Pontus, including Colchis, became a Roman province. From then until his death, Polemon II only ruled Cilicia.

Married in 51 to Berenice av CILICIA 28-82

Married in 53 to Julia Mamaea av EMESA 25-90 with
M Polemon Zenon av ANTONII 54-101
M Rhoemetalces av ANTONII 57-102

Gift med
Julia Marmaea av Emesa, född 25 i Emesa, Homs, Syrien, död 90 i Pontus, Anatolia, Amasya, Turkiet.

Polemon Zenon av Antonii, född 54, död 101

Denna sida är skapad med datorprogrammet Holger8 2020-10-11