Marucs Lepidus av Aemilii, född -235
i Roma, Lazio, Italien, död -152 i Roma, Lazio, Italien.
Consul of the Roman Republic in 187 and 175 BC.
Marcus Aemilius Lepidus was a twice Roman consul, Pontifex Maximus, Censor and Princeps Senatus.
Lepidus was 'the handsomest man of his time,' as well as, in the words of Diodorus, being 'gifted with superior intelligence'.
Combining these qualities with an impeccable aristocratic birth, political skill and a reputation for bravery, Lepidus soon rose to
become one of the leading Romans of his generation.
Although he was only 15 at the time of the Battle of Cannae in the 2nd Punic War, it was nevertheless then that Lepidus first
distinguished himself. If not at fateful Cannae itself, then in one of the battles closely following it, the young Lepidus rushed into
the fight and saved the life of one of his countrymen by killing his assailant. For this act of gallantry, the Senate ordered an
equestrian statue of the young man erected on the Capitoline to commemorate the deed.
It was a remarkable honour for one so young and one that marked Lepidus out for the future greatness he would achieve. Later that
year, 216 BC, Lepidus' father died and Marcus and his two brothers staged funeral games for three days in his honour.
In 201 BC, Lepidus and two colleagues were sent as ambassadors by the Senate to King Ptolemy of Egypt, both to announce
Rome's victory over Carthage and ensure that Rome's alliance with Egypt would continue through the coming war with Philip of
Macedon, which the Romans were preparing for. Ptolemy was still only a young boy at this time and there is a tradition that
Lepidus for a time acted himself during his stay in Egypt as the King's guardian and for a time governed the country. This appeal
to Rome for the Senate to send a regent to them was, according to Justin, made by the Egyptians themselves.
At this time also, while in Alexandria, Lepidus sailed to meet personally with Philip while the King was besieging Abydus, in an
attempt to persuade him to lift the siege and abandon his attacks on Pergamum and the Rhodians, who had appealed to Rome.
Lepidus delivered a message from the Senate that Philip of Macedon must cease from making war on any other Greeks and agree
to pay compensation to Attalus of Pergamum and Rhodes for any damage caused. If Philip would not agree to these terms then he
and Macedon would soon find themselves at war with Rome. Rejecting the demands and saying that he was ready for war, Philip
took the city and Lepidus departed. The result of the King's refusal of Lepidus' terms was the outbreak of the Second Macedonian
In 193 BC, he served as Curule Aedile along with his kinsman Lucius Aemilius Paullus, during which time the two Aemilii
constructed two new porticoes, or arcades, in Rome, one of them being the Porticus Aemilia.
Elected as Praetor in 192 BC, Lepidus served his term from 191 and into 190 as governor of Sicily. Due to the ongoing war
between Rome and Antiochus in the East, Lepidus was charged with the defence of the island from attack as well as ensuring that
one-fifth of all the corn produced was sent to support the armies campaigning in Greece.
In 190 BC, Lepidus left Sicily early before his term as governor had expired without first asking the permission of the Senate to do
so and hastened back to Rome in order to stand in the consular elections. This, however, counted against him and made him
unpopular with the people as he was accused of abandoning his province and responsibilities in order to satisfy personal ambition.
Following the vote, only one candidate, Marcus Fulvius Nobilior, a rival of Lepidus, had achieved the required majority, but that
still meant that the other consulship was vacant. However, the following day, Nobilior co-opted the candidate who had come
second, Gnaeus Manlius Vulso, as his colleague and the two assumed the Consulship for 189 BC.
Lepidus had polled third out of the four candidates, behind Manlius but ahead of Marcus Valerius Messalla. This humiliating
defeat for the aristocratic Patrician Lepidus, who likely saw the consulship as his birthright, further embittered a hatred that had
already existed between him and Nobilior.
The following year, in 189 BC, he again stood as a candidate for the consulship. Nobilior, however, returned to Rome to conduct
and oversee the elections and he used his position to prevent any votes being cast for Lepidus, his personal enemy. As a result,
although this time unfairly, Lepidus once more suffered the humiliation of defeat in the elections and could justly blame Nobilior.
Instead, Marcus Valerius Messalla, who the previous year had polled behind Lepidus, and Gaius Livius Salinator were elected
For the third successive time, Lepidus stood as a consular candidate in 188 BC, and this time he was successful and was elected
consul with Gaius Flaminius as his colleague. In 187 BC, Lepidus was at last consul, and, as he and Flaminius assumed office,
word reached the Senate that the Ligurians were preparing to make war on Rome. The threat of attack so close to Rome made the
Senate take the matter seriously and it quickly decreed that both Consuls should have Liguria assigned as their joint-province and
Lepidus opposed this, protesting that Nobilior and Manlius were still acting like Kings in the East even though their terms had
expired and yet the Senate still intended to confine both Consuls to Liguria without recalling or replacing either of the two Eastern
commanders. Either Nobilior and Manlius should be replaced, or their armies should be disbanded and they return to Rome. The
Senate agreed to recall Nobilior and Manlius from the East, but reiterated its decision that both Lepidus and Gaius Flaminius were
to take command in Liguria.
From 180 BC onwards, he was pontifex maximus and from 179 BC, he was princeps senatus. That same year he was also elected
censor. In 175 BC, he was elected consul for the second time.
He oversaw construction of the Via Aemilia in 187 BC, a Roman road from the town of Piacenza to Rimini, still in use and one of
the most important roads in Northern Italy. He established the Roman colonies of Parma and Modena and gave his name to the
Roman castrum of Regium Lepidi (today Reggio Emilia).
M Marcus Lepidus av AEMILII -210--145
M Marcus Drusus av LIVII -205--165
Via Emilia (italienska) eller Via Aemilia (latin) var en via consularis som gick mellan Ariminum vid Adriatiska havet till
Placentia vid floden Padus (dagens Po). Senare förlängdes Via Emilia till Mediolanum (Milano).
Via Emilia byggdes i förlängning av via Flaminia som ledde till Rom. Vägen var ganska rak och gick från Ariminum vidare till
Forlì, Faenza, Bologna, Modena, Reggio nell'Emilia, Parma och slutligen Placentia. Via Emilia korsade flera bifloder till Po, bland
annat Rubicon (även om det råder viss tvekan om det var samma flod som Julius Caesar korsade 49 f.Kr.) och Trebbia (där
Hannibal tre gånger segrade över romarna).
Via Emilia blev klar år 187 f.Kr. och namngavs efter den romerske konsuln Marcus Aemilius Lepidus. Via Emilia byggdes som ett
sätt att kunna kontrollera det nyligen erövrade området Gallia Cisalpina. Gallia Cisalpina hade stor ekonomisk betydelse, eftersom
Poslätten, som låg där, var mycket bördig. Romarna valde att ytterligare befästa sin kontroll över området genom att anlägga
kolonier längs Via Emilia: på så sätt grundades Bononia (dagens Bologna), Mutina (Modena), Reggio nell'Emilia (Reggio Emilia)
och Parma. Vägen kom att få mycket stor betydelse för koloniseringen av området, som så småningom kom att ses som en del av
Marcus Drusus av Livii, född -205, död -165