Antonia Minor av Antonii, född -36 i Aten, Grekland,
död 37 i Roma, Lazio, Italien.
Born 31 January -36 - Aten, Grekland
Deceased 1 May 37 - Roma, Lazio, Italien, aged 73 years old
Married in -16 to Drusus av CLAUDII -38--9 with
M Germanicus av CLAUDII -15-19
F Livilla av CLAUDII -13-31
M Claudius av ROM -10-54
Antonia Minor was born in Athens, Greece and after 36 BC was brought to Rome by her mother and her siblings. Antonia never
had the chance to know her father. who divorced her mother in 32 BC and committed suicide in 30 BC.
She was raised by her mother, her uncle and her aunt, Livia Drusilla. Due to inheritances, she owned properties in Italy, Greece
and Egypt. She was a wealthy and influential woman who often received people who were visiting Rome. Antonia had many male
friends and they included wealthy Jew Alexander the Alabarch and Lucius Vitellius, a consul and father of future Emperor Aulus
They had several children, but only three survived: the famous general Germanicus, Livilla and the Roman Emperor Claudius.
Antonia was the grandmother of the Emperor Caligula, the Empress Agrippina the Younger and through Agrippina,
great-grandmother and great-aunt of the Emperor Nero. Drusus died in June 9 BC in Germany, due to complications from injuries
he sustained after falling from a horse. After his death, although pressured by her uncle to remarry, she never did.
Antonia raised her children in Rome. Tiberius adopted Germanicus in AD 4 (Suetonius Tiberius 15, Gai. 1., Div. Claudius 2).
Germanicus died in 19 AD, allegedly poisoned through the handiwork of Gnaeus Calpurnius Piso and Munatia Plancina. On the
orders of Tiberius and Livia Drusilla, Antonia was forbidden to go to his funeral (suggested, but not stated by Tacitus Annals 3.3).
When Livia Drusilla died in June 29 AD, Antonia took care of Caligula, Agrippina the Younger, Julia Drusilla, Julia Livilla and
later Claudia Antonia, Claudius's daughter through his second wife Aelia Paetina, her younger grandchildren.
She outlived her husband, her oldest son, her daughter and several of her grandchildren.
Conflict with Livilla
In 31 AD, Antonia exposed a plot by her daughter Livilla and Tiberius’ notorious Praetorian prefect, Sejanus, to murder the
Emperor Tiberius and Caligula and to seize the throne for themselves. Livilla had allegedly poisoned her husband, Tiberius' son,
Drusus Julius Caesar (nicknamed "Castor") to remove him as a rival. Sejanus was executed on Tiberius’ orders, and Livilla was
handed over to her formidable mother for punishment. Cassius Dio states that Antonia imprisoned Livilla in her room until she
starved to death.
Succession of Caligula and death
When Tiberius died, Caligula became emperor in March 37 AD. Caligula awarded her a senatorial decree, granting her all the
honors that Livia Drusilla had received in her lifetime. She was also offered the title of Augusta, previously only given to
Augustus's wife Livia, but rejected it.
Six months into his reign, Caligula became seriously ill. Antonia would often offer Caligula advice, but he once told her, "I can
treat anyone exactly as I please!". Caligula was rumored to have had his young cousin Gemellus beheaded, to remove him as a
rival to the throne. This act was said to have outraged Antonia, who was grandmother to Gemellus as well as to Caligula.
Having had enough of Caligula’s anger at her criticisms and of his behavior, she committed suicide. Suetonius’s Caligula, clause
23, mentions how he might have poisoned her.
When his grandmother Antonia asked for a private interview, he refused it except in the presence of the prefect Macro, and by such
indignities and annoyances he caused her death; although some think that he also gave her poison. After she was dead, he paid her
no honour, but viewed her burning pyre from his dining-room.
When Claudius became emperor after his nephew’s assassination in 41 AD, he gave his mother the title of Augusta. Her birthday
became a public holiday, which had yearly games and public sacrifices held. An image of her was paraded in a carriage.
Drusus av Claudii, född -38
i Roma, Lazio, Italien, död -9 i Germanien. Ståthållare i Gallien.
Livilla av Claudii, född -13, död 31