Corvinus av Valerii, född -64 i Roma, Lazio, Italien,
död 8 i Roma, Lazio, Italien.
Roman general, author and patron of literature and art.
Marcus Valerius Messalla Corvinus was a Roman general, author and patron of literature and art.
Corvinus was educated partly at Athens, together with Horace and the younger Cicero. In early life he became attached to
republican principles, which he never abandoned, although in later life he avoided offending Caesar Augustus by not mentioning
them too openly.
In 43 BC he was proscribed, but managed to escape to the camp of Brutus and Cassius. After the Battle of Philippi in 42 BC, he
went over to Antony, but subsequently transferred his support to Octavian. In 31 BC, Corvinus was appointed consul in place of
Antony and took part in the Battle of Actium. He subsequently held commands in the East and suppressed the revolt in Gallia
Aquitania; for this latter feat he celebrated a triumph in 27 BC.
Corvinus restored the road between Tusculum and Alba, and many handsome buildings were due to his initiative. He moved that
the title of pater patriae should be bestowed upon Augustus. Yet he also resigned from the post of Prefect of the city in 25 BC after
six days of holding this office because it conflicted with his ideas of constitutionalism. It may have been on this occasion that he
uttered the phrase "I am disgusted with power".
His influence on literature, which he encouraged after the manner of Gaius Maecenas, was considerable, and the group of literary
personalities whom he gathered around him—including Tibullus, Lygdamus and the poet Sulpicia—has been called "the Messalla
circle". With Horace and Tibullus he was on intimate terms, and Ovid expresses his gratitude to him as the first to notice and
encourage his work. The two panegyrics by unknown authors (one printed among the poems of Tibullus as iv. 1; the other included
in the Catalepton, the collection of small poems attributed to Virgil) indicate the esteem in which he was held.
Corvinus was himself the author of various works, all of which are lost. They included memoirs of the civil wars after the death of
Caesar, used by Suetonius and Plutarch; bucolic poems in Greek; translations of Greek speeches; occasional satirical and erotic
verses; and essays on the minutiae of grammar. As an orator, he followed Cicero instead of the Atticizing school, but his style was
affected and artificial. Later critics considered him superior to Cicero, and Tiberius adopted him as a model. Late in life he wrote a
work on the great Roman families, wrongly identified with an extant poem De progenie Augusti Caesaris which bears the name of
Corvinus, but in fact is a 12th-century production.
The so-called Apotheosis of Claudius, the top part of an Augustan-era funerary monument that may once have contained Corvinus'
funerary urn. Found in a country villa at Marino once owned by C. Valerius Paulinus, a descendant of Corvinus, it is now in the
Museo del Prado in Madrid.
Corvinus had a house on the Palatine Hill in Rome that used to belong to Mark Antony before Augustus presented it to Corvinus
and Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa. An inscription (CIL 6.29789 = ILS 5990) records Corvinus as the owner of the famed Gardens of
Lucullus (Horti Luculliani) located on the Pincian Hill where the Villa Borghese gardens are today.
The Casale Rotondo, a cylindrical tomb near the sixth milestone on the Appian Way, is often identified as being the tomb of
Corvinus, but this is debatable.[Corvinus is also recorded in an inscription as being one of the three friends of Gaius Cestius
responsible for erecting statues that once stood at the site of the famous Pyramid of Cestius which is located close to the Porta San
Paolo in Rome.
Spouses and children
Married in -39 to Calpurnia av CALPURNII -55--18 with
F Valeria av VALERII -38-17
M Messallinus av VALERII -36-25
F Valeria Messalina av VALERII -34-20
Married in -15 to Aurelia Cotta av AURELII -40-20 with
M Maximus av VALERII -14-35
Calpurnia av Calpurnii, född -55
i Roma, Lazio, Italien, död -18 i Roma, Lazio, Italien.
Messallinus av Valerii, född -36, död 25