Macedonicus av Caecilii, född -210
i Roma, Lazio, Italien, död -116 i Roma, Lazio, Italien.
Consul of the Roman Republic in 143 BC.
Quintus Caecilius Metellus Macedonicus was a Praetor in 148 BC, Consul in 143 BC, Proconsul of Hispania Citerior in 142 BC
and Censor in 131 BC.
A brilliant general, he fought in the Third Macedonian War and played a pivotal role in the Fourth. Under his leadership in 148
BC when still a Praetor the Roman troops twice defeated Andriscus, a self-proclaimed pretender to the Macedonian throne who
claimed to be son of Perseus, last king of the Antigonid dynasty. Andriscus had risen against Rome intending to liberate
Macedonia with an army recruited from Thrace. Under Metellus' authority Macedonia was reduced and made a Roman province.
For that he won his agnomen and since then introduced the Clypeus Macedoniccus in his family's medals.
In 147 BC, he defeated Critolaos of Megalopolis at the Battle of Scarpheia and in 146 BC the Arcadians at Chaeronea but Metellus
was then sent to fight in the Achaean War to avenge an insult offered to a Roman Embassy at Corinth. He fought under the
command of Consul Lucius Mummius Achaicus whose ultimate victory in the war against the Achaean League delayed
Macedonicus from celebrating immediately the honours of the Triumph which his success at the battle of Scarpheia merited. On
his return to Italy he received the honour of a Triumph and the title of Macedonicus. He then built at the Campus Martius a Portic
of Cecilius (Porticus Caecilii) which later became the Portic of Octavius (Porticus Octavii). He also built two grandiose temples one
dedicated to Jupiter and the other to Juno. These were the first marble temples in Rome, ornamented with equestrian statues of the
various Generals of Alexander brought by him from Greece.
In 143 BC, when Consul, he campaigned against the Celtiberians and Viriathus in the Iberian Peninsula. He defeated the
Celtiberians in Northern Spain and reduced them to obedience.
In 133 BC, he gave a speech attacking Tiberius Gracchus regarding that tribune's plan to bypass the traditional prerogative of the
senate and keep the vast fortune of the recently deceased Attalus III of Pergamum under the control of the Plebeian Assembly.
Attalus had bequeathed his kingdom to the people of Rome.
Metellus was elected Censor in 131 BC, boldly pledging to halt the growing degradation of Roman custom. In a speech which he
delivered at his appointment, he proposed that matrimony was to be mandatory to all citizens, in order to put an end to the
libertinage then already widespread. A century later Augustus caused this speech to be read at the Senate and published as an Edict
for the knowledge and regeneration of the Roman People. His moralizing efforts awakened strong popular opposition, led by the
Tribune Gaius Atinius Labeo Macerio whom he had previously expelled from the Senate. He was almost killed by the mob on the
Later there were some disagreements between him and Scipio Aemilianus, but he never lost sight of the merit of this adversary,
whose death he mourned, ordering his sons to transport Aemilianus' body to the crematory pyre.
Celebrated for his eloquence and his taste for the Arts, he died in 116 BC/115 BC. He was generally respected as the paradigm of
the fortunate Roman for from an illustrious birth he united all manner of civil and military honours, and left a large family of four
sons, of whom one was then Consul, two had already been and one would be soon. His two sons-in-law, Publius Cornelius Scipio
Nasica Serapio and Gaius Servilius Vatia would also attain the Consulship.
He was the father of: Quintus Caecilius Metellus Balearicus Lucius Caecilius Metellus Diadematus Marcus Caecilius Metellus
Gaius Caecilius Metellus Caprarius Caecilia Metella, born c. 170 BC, wife of Publius Cornelius Scipio Nasica Serapio Caecilia
Metella, born c. 170 BC, wife of Gaius Servilius Vatia.
M Balearicus av CAECILII -175--115
M Diadematus av CAECILII -174--115
F Caecilia Metella av CAECILII -173--125
M Gaius Caprarius av CAECILII -172--110
F Caecilia Metella av CAECILII -170--115
M Marcus Metellus av CAECILII -168--110
Caecilia Metella av Caecilii, född -173, död -125