Publius Scipio av Cornelii, född -258
i Roma, Lazio, Italien, död -211
i Cazlona, Jaén, Andalucia, Spanien.
Consul of the Roman Republic in 218 BC.
Publius Cornelius Scipio served as consul in 218 BC, the first year of the Second Punic War.
He sailed with his army from Pisa with the intention of confronting Hannibal in Hispania. Stopping at Massilia (today Marseille)
to replenish his supplies, he was shocked to discover that Hannibal's army had moved from Hispania and was crossing the Rhône.
Scipio disembarked his army and marched to confront Hannibal, who, by now, had moved on. Returning to the fleet, he entrusted
the command of his army to his brother Gnaeus Cornelius Scipio Calvus and sent him off to Hispania to carry on with the
originally intended mission. Scipio returned to Italy to take command of the troops fighting in Cisalpine Gaul.
On his return to Italy, he advanced at once to meet Hannibal. In a sharp cavalry engagement near the Ticinus, a tributary of the Po
river, he was defeated and severely wounded. In December of the same year, he again witnessed the complete defeat of the Roman
army at the Trebia, when his fellow consul Tiberius Sempronius Longus allegedly insisted on fighting against his advice.
The earliest historical source was by the Greek historian Polybius, who became an intimate of Scipio's grandson and was seemingly
biased in favour of the Scipio family. The other major account was written in the following century by the Roman historian Livy,
who also expressed bias in favour of certain aristocratic families.
Despite the military defeats, he still retained the confidence of the Roman people: his term of command was extended and the
following year found him in Hispania with his brother Calvus, winning victories over the Carthaginians and strengthening Rome's
position in the Iberian peninsula.
He continued the Iberian campaigns until 211, when he was killed during the defeat of his army at the upper Baetis river by the
Carthaginians and their iberian allies under Indibilis and Mandonius. That same year, Calvus and his army were destroyed at Ilorci
near Carthago Nova. The details of these campaigns are not completely known, but it seems that the ultimate defeat and death of
the two Scipiones was due to the desertion of the Celtiberians, who were bribed by Hasdrubal Barca, Hannibal's brother.
Married to Pomponia av POMPEII -254--205 with
M Scipio Africanus av CORNELII -236--183
M Scipio Asiaticus av CORNELII -234--183
Pomponia av Pompeii, född -254
i Roma, Lazio, Italien, död -205 i Roma, Lazio, Italien.
Scipio Africanus av Cornelii, född -236, död -183